Observatory on disarmament, arms trade, armed conflict and culture of peace
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Report 40: Guarding the Fortress. Frontex role in the militarisation and securitisation of migratory flows in the European Union

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

portada informe40 GuardingTheFortress CentreDelas TNI StopWapenhandel ES web ENGThe new report “Guarding the Fortress: the role of Frontex in the militarization and securitization of migratory flows in the European Union” intends to study and analyze the context in which the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, Frontex, is developed and implemented in the European Union, as well as its operation, mechanisms and main operations carried out. The research addresses the context that is built with respect to security policies in the EU, and specifically with regard to border and migration policy. As well as, the development of Frontex in this context.

The report analyzes the role that Frontex has in helping to build walls around the European Union, building what is called the “Europe Fortress”, through maritime, area and land operations that criminalize people who have to flee their homes for force, whether from war or economic inequality. It is in this context that migratory flows are approached as a threat, so that they are approached with the same instruments as border crimes.

Author: Ainhoa Ruiz Benedicto

Read and download the executive summary in English, in Spanish and in Catalan; and the full report in English, in Spanish and in Catalan.

 

Report 39: Novel weapons against ethics and people. Armed Drones and Autonomous Drones

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

portada informe39 ArmedDrones ENG web DEFMilitary and “security” actions with military robotic and armed systems haveradically changed the war scenarios, which have evolved from concentratingon military and strategic targets to performing attacks that can seriously affectuninvolved civilian population. Attacks with armed drones often do notappear in newspapers, but they show a steady growth rate in recent years. They are attacks that end up killing civilians, as well as perpetrating summaryand extrajudicial executions of supposedly terrorist people. Lately, inaddition, the military drones are evolving to incorporate autonomous systemsof decision.

This report presents the main concepts related to the new robotic military systems as well as the different types of military drones and the risk that the automation step towards autonomy and the deployment of autonomous and lethal armed systems can mean. The publication seeks to identify the major actors (producing and buying countries, and companies) in the field of armed and autonomous drones, as well as the main types of drones that may include autonomous capacities. The international efforts that aim at the prohibition of these weapons are also presented, as well as the ethical problems that arise in relation to these new weapons, to armed drones and their possible autonomy, in a geopolitical framework in which the business has neglected people and their rights.

Authors: Pere Brunet, Tica Font, Xavi Mojal and Joaquín Rodríguez

You can read and download the executive summary in Englishin Spanish and in Catalan; and the full report in Englishin Spanish and in Catalan.

 

Transnational Institute, Stop Wapenhandel and Centre Delàs report: "The Business of Building Walls"

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

frontpage BusinessOfBuildingWalls TNI StopWapenhandel CentreDelas web ENG page 0001

"The business of bulding walls" is a sequel to "Building Walls. Fear and securitization in the European Union" published in 2018 by Delàs Centre of Studies for Peace, Transnational Institute (TNI) and Stop Wapenhandel, which first measured and identified the walls that crisscross Europe. This new report analyzes the businesses that have profited from the construction of walls and technologies spread in European borders, built to intercept displaced and migrant people and to stop them migrating into Europe.

The report shows that the flow of money from taxpayers to wall-builders has been highly lucrative and constantly growing in the European Union (EU) and its member States that have promoted the companies that have profited from the walls building. Some of the corporate beneficiaries are also global players, tapping into a global market for border security estimated to be worth approximately €17.5 billion in 2018. The research also highlights the significant role of the arms companies on the decision-making for border security by creating spaces where their economic interests can be defended. The business of building walls is a lucrative and growing business with lethal consequences for those migrating.

Author: Mark Akkerman

You can read and download the executive summary in English, in Spanish and in French, and the complete report in English.

Informe del Centro Delàs y Novact: "La espiral de la violencia de la España Fortaleza. Armas para la guerra y militarismo para blindar las fronteras"

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

portada Informe EspañaFortaleza CAST webLa espiral de violencia de la España Fortaleza: Armas para la guerra y militarismo para blindar las fronteras

Con “La espiral de violencia de la España Fortaleza: Armas para la guerra y militarismo para blindar las fronteras” se pretende comprender, analizar y estudiar los mecanismos que conducen a la militarización de la Frontera Sur española, que generan la violencia estructural, cultural y directa a la que se enfrentan las personas que son desplazadas por la fuerza, ya sea huyendo de las guerras y los conflictos armados o por las dinámicas de la desigualdad económica global. Por otra parte, se analiza el modelo de amurallamiento del Estado español que ha servido para desarrollar, en los años sucesivos, la denominada “Europa Fortaleza” en la que España juega un papel relevante. No solo por ser una de las principales murallas de la fortaleza europea erigida contra las personas que se han visto obligadas de un modo u otro a emigrar, sino por haberse convertido en uno de los principales exportadores de armamento y material militar de todo tipo.

Este informe analiza la corresponsabilidad que le atañe al Estado español sobre la venta de armas a países y regiones del mundo que se encuentran en una situación de conflicto o especial vulnerabilidad. Llama la atención sobre cómo estos hechos contribuyen a profundizar el contexto de inseguridad para poblaciones enteras que se ven obligadas al desplazamiento forzado o a huir en condición de refugiadas. Mientras tanto, la respuesta que el Estado español utiliza es la militarización de las fronteras y la limitación a esos flujos de personas que huyen hacia territorio español y europeo. Lejos de constituir un caso aislado, España es un ejemplo a la hora de desarrollar y consolidar la denominada Europa Fortaleza, que ha llevado a que otros estados de la Unión Europea reproduzcan medidas de control del movimiento y militarización fronteriza realizadas previamente en territorio español. 

Autores: Jordi Calvo Rufanges y Ainhoa Ruiz Benedicto (Centro Delàs de Estudios por la Paz)

Revisión editorial: Felip Daza, Laia Vila, Lina M. González y Sofia González (Novact)

Puedes descargar el informe completo en castellano aquí.

Report 38: Violence, security and peace building in the city

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

informe38 banner web CAST

portada informe38 ViolenciaPazCiudades CAST

Es en las ciudades donde se concentra la mayor parte de la ciudadanía mundial, el 55%, y a la vez, es el espacio donde se dirimen la mayor parte de conflictos. Los conflictos están directamente relacionados con la mercantilización de la ciudad, la ciudad como negocio; y la diversidad y pluralidad de las personas que conviven en las conurbaciones urbanas. Es entonces la confrontación de intereses y la diversidad social y cultural la que genera los conflictos, y el reto es cómo afrontarlos, aprender a gestionarlos y transformarlos de manera positiva creando relaciones de respeto mutuo, de reciprocidad y de justicia mediante acciones que no comporten violencia.

Coincidiendo con la celebración del Día Internacional de la Paz, el Centre Delàs d'Estudis per la Pau publica un nuevo informe que aborda la construcción de paz en las ciudades para aportar propuestas alternativas al actual modelo securitario. La investigación da pie a una propuesta de Agenda de Paz en las Ciudades a partir de un análisis previo de las violencias urbanas y sus diferentes tipologías y afectaciones sobre las vidas y cuerpos de todas las habitantes de las ciudades en todo el mundo.

Autores: Tica Font y Pere Ortega

Puedes consultar y descargar el resumen ejecutivo en castellano y en catalán; y el informe completo en castellano y en catalán, próximamente disponible en inglés.

Report 37: Armed Banking in Spain 2019

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

portada Informe37 BancaArmada2019 CAST  Armed Banking in Spain 2019

 This new report, reveals the financing to 31 companies dedicated in part or totally to the production of weapons, among which are some of the most important arms           manufacturers in the world, Airbus, Boeing, General Dynamics, Thales or Leonardo. Armed Banking in Spain 2019, also includes financing dedicated to Spanish   companies such as Maxam, Navantia, Indra, Oesia or Sener.

 The report, which is the eighth made in the framework of the Armed Banking Campaign, identifies the 39 financial entities that make up the Spanish Armed Banking where   BBVA, Banco   Santander, BANKIA, Banca March, Caixabank, Banco Sabadell, insurers such as Mutua Madrileña or including publicly owned organizations such as ICO or   SEPI. The report manages to   link a total number of investments destined to the financing of the arms sector of 8,622 million euros between 2013 and 2018.

 Author: Jordi Calvo Rufanges. Internship researchers: Nuria Pineda Morante and Pau Solís Tutusaus.

 Check and download the full report in spanish here.

Report 36: Gender and security policies. A feminist look into the impacts of militarization in the West

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

informe36 portada GenderAndSecurity web ENGGender and security policies. A feminist look into the impacts of militarization in the West

The rise of the populist far right, which rules alone or in coalition in the USA and in ten European countries, predicts a dark period towards freedom rights, especially to women and LGTBI rights.

Policies against people’s rights cling to the idea of returning to the national security, focused on the State protection by military means. This return to a past of order and security is based on the patriarchal family, the confinement of women in private spaces and the invisibility of dissident sexualities.

Consequently, militarism and military expenditure increase, and countries develop control and massive monitoring techniques that sneak into people’s daily life and change how they interact. Furthermore, states cut down economic resources invested on social issues, expanding the gap between the rich and the poor.

This report gathers the contributions of Feminist Studies in the security field to determine the material impacts of securitization in the West. These impacts are translated into economic and community insecurity; migration prosecution and discrimination towards ethnic minorities; personal and physical insecurity, accentuated due to stereotypes that feed genre violence and impunity; and insecurity regarding health access, especially sexual and reproductive health.

Author: Nora Miralles. With the collaboration of Guillem Mases Gavaldà.

You can download the executive summary in English, in Spanish and in Catalan, and the full report in English, in Spanish andin Catalan.

Informe del Centro Delàs, Fundació Novessendes y Setem Comunitat Valenciana: "De la Banca Armada a la Banca Ética. Hacia una coherencia de políticas y una cultura de paz. El caso de la Generalitat Valenciana"

Written by Centre Delàs on . Posted in Informes

Portada Informe BancaArmada GeneValenciana

El informe "De la Banca Armada a la Banca Ética. Hacia una coherencia de políticas y una cultura de paz. El caso de la Generalitat Valenciana" tiene el objetivo de identificar la realidad financiera de la principal administración pública valenciana, la Generalitat Valenciana, y la factibilidad de conseguir una transición hacia una mayor implicación con las finanzas éticas. Todo ello en el marco de las medidas de coherencia de políticas y de promoción de la economía social y solidaria de esta administración. En este estudio nos preguntamos si la Generalitat Valenciana permite que la gestión financiera de sus principales actividades que requieren de un banco recaiga en manos de entidades financieras que mediante sus inversiones puedan tener impactos negativos en la paz y los derechos humanos. El caso de la financiación de la industria militar es un buen ejemplo de esta posible incoherencia de políticas.

Por encargo de la Fundación Novessendes y Setem Comunidad Valenciana, este informe ha sido realizado siguiendo la metodología de trabajo puesta en marcha por el Centro Delàs de Estudios por la Paz y Setem Catalunya, en calidad de expertos en la financiación de la industria armamentista e impulsores y coordinadores de la campaña Banca Armada desde el suyos inicios, en 2006.

Autores: Audrey Esnault, Jordi Calvo (Ed.)

Consulta y descarga informe completo en valenciano aquí.

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Centre d'Estudis per la Pau JM Delàs

Adress: Carrer Erasme de Janer, 8 (Entresol - despatx 9)
08001 Barcelona SPAIN
Phone: +(34) 93 441 19 47
Email: info@centredelas.org